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Szerkesztők: Tomasik, Timothy J.; Vitullo, Juliann M.
Cím: At the Table
Alcím: Metaphorical and Material Cultures of Food in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
Sorozatcím: Arizona Studies in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance; 18
Megjelenési adatok: Brepols Publishers, Turnhout, 2007. | ISBN: 978-2-503-52398-9

coverimage We wish to express our gratitude to Robert Bjork, Director of the Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, for allowing us the opportunity to work on this project, and to the entire staff of ACMRS for much assistance in the editing of this volume. We would also like to thank the Chair of the Department of Languages and Literature at Arizona State University, Joe Cutter, for helping us to grace our cover with a beautiful image by Gerard David. Finally, we would like to offer our thanks to all the contributors, especially Michel Jeanneret, who helped to make food a legitimate focus of study in early modern research. | The inspiration for a conference and volume dedicated to food in medieval and early modern Europe came from a growing scholarly trend in the humanities to reevaluate the importance of material culture even in the most philosophical and abstract historical discourses. The original title for the February 2005 ACMRS conference was Feast, Famine, and Fasting: Food and Material Consumption in Medieval and Renaissance Culture. We decided to change the title of the volume to reflect what we felt was unique about the best papers delivered at the conference. What these essays have in common is their focus on analyzing both material and metaphorical cultures of food. They all share the premise that one cannot discuss the physical acts of preparation and consumption of food without also analyzing how those acts feed and nourish social, cultural, and spiritual realities. The culture of food is polyvalent and polyglot. Food can represent the basest of human necessities yet ascend to the very height of arcane ritual and pageantry. Food and feasting can be understood not simply as the consumption of material goods but also as the Figurative and symbolic representations of culture, what sociologist and anthropologist Marcel Mauss would term a total social fact. To tug on one strand of the societal web created around food practices is in effect to tug on all of them. The very difficulty in dissociating metaphorical from material uses of food illustrates well the richness and complexity of food’s place in human culture. According to Brillat-S avari ns famous aphorism, we are what we eat. Yet food and feasting clearly surpass questions of identity to embrace each and every facet of human culture. Ranging from literary, historical, and political analyses to archaeological and botanical ones, the collection explores food as a nexus of pre-modern European culture. To understand the myriad ways in which discourses about food and feasting are mobilized during this period is to better understand the fundamental role that the culture of food played in the development of Europeans' habitual patterns of behavior and of thought. Rather than presenting essays chronologically or by discipline, we have opted for the more loose organization of a thematic development. Beginning with a discussion of the politics of food, the collection then considers questions of gender and food. The theme of feasting and banqueting then segues into questions of the humanist philosophy of food. By organizing the volume in this way, we have endeavored to illustrate the interdisciplinarity inherent not only in the study of food culture, but also in the study of medieval and early modern Europe.
Kategóriák: Történelem, Gasztronómia
Tárgyszavak: Középkori Európa, Élelmiszer
Formátum: OCR szöveg
Típus: könyv

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Book cover
Serial cover
Title page
Table of contents
Timothy J. Tomasik and Juliann M. Vitullo: At the Table: Metaphorical and Material Cultures of Food in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
Part I: The Politics of Food
   Fabio López-Lázaro: Sweet Food of Knowledge: Botany, Food, and Empire in the Early Modern Spanish Kingdoms
   Paul Hartle: “Take a Long Spoon”: Culinary Politics in the English Civil War
Part II: Women and Food
   Marianne Kalinke: Table Decorum and the Quest for a Bride in Clari Saga
   Christine F. Cooper Rompato: Stuck in Chichevache's Maw: Digesting the Example of (Im)Patient Griselda in John Lydgates “A Mumming at Hertford” and “Bycorne and Chychevache”
      Cruel Cooking and Abusive Appetites in ”a Mumming at Hertford”
      ”Bycorne and Chychevache”: Digesting the Example of Griselda
   Melissa Walter: Drinking from Skulls and the Politics of Incorporation in Early Stuart Drama
   William Bradford Smith: Food and Deception in the Discourse on Heresy and Witchcraft in Bamberg
Part III: Feasting and Banqueting
   Christina Lee: Paer Waes Symbla Cyst: Food in the Funerary Rites of the Early Anglo-Saxons
   L. B. Ross: Beyond Eating: Political and Personal Significance of the Entremets at the Banquets of the Burgundian Court
      1. Definition and History of the Term
      2. The Wedding of Philip the Good: Entremets to Impress and Amuse
      3. The Feast of the Pheasant: Entremets with a Purpose
      4. The Wedding of Charles the Bold: Entremets as Propaganda
      5. Conclusion: From Political Symbolism to Personal Message
   Bernd Renner: From the ”Bien Yvres” to Messere Gaster: The Syncretism of Rabelaisian Banquets
Part IV: The Philosophy of Food
   Timothy J. Tomasik: Translating Taste in the Vernacular Editions of Platina's De Honesta Voluptate et Valetudine
      Platina in Latin
      Platina in Italian
      Platina in French
      Translations of Texts and Tastes
   Michel Jeanneret: ”Ma Salade et Ma Muse” On Renaissance Vegetarianism